The World of International Organizations

U.N. handoff to Libya’s new unity government

Libya's Red Castle once defended Tripoli in the Byzantine era (AN/Ziad Fhema)

The United Nations-backed administration in Libya transitioned to an interim government without a hitch on Tuesday, capping a diplomatic process meant to lead to nationwide democratic elections in late December.

At a ceremony in Libya’s capital Tripoli, the outgoing prime minister, Fayez al-Sarraj, and his U.N.-backed Government of National Accord handed off power to Libyan businessman Abdul Hamid Mohammed Dbeibah, the interim prime minister, and to Libyan diplomat Mohammad Younes Menfi, leader of a three-person presidential council along with Mossa al-Koni and Abdullah Hussein al-Lafi.

Earlier in the week, the new Government of National Unity was sworn in before Libya’s House of Represenatives in Tobruk.

Ján Kubiš, the Slovak diplomat who is U.N. special envoy to Libya and head of the U.N. Support Mission in Libya, or UNSMIL, called on the interim government to address “the many challenges the Libyan people face, enhance the living conditions and basic services and prepare the country for the holding of inclusive national elections,” according to a statement.

Report shows alleged bribes

Last month, the interim government’s four members were chosen by delegates to a U.N.-backed forum in Geneva according to a plan to balance regional and political interests in the North African nation. Their main task is to hold nationwide elections for the presidency and parliament, with the aim of creating an effective and unified government.

The elections are scheduled for December 24, a public holiday that will mark the 70th anniversary of Libya declaring its independence from Britain and France in 1951.

A separate U.N. panel of experts advising the 15-nation U.N. Security Council, the world body’s most powerful arm, found “at least three participants were offered bribes to vote for a specific candidate as prime minister,” according to a 548-page report on Tuesday. “The forum participants involved in the incident were categorical in their rejection of the bribes.” Libya’s attorney general also received complaints. But the panel said it “does not envisage any further reporting on the issue.”

The report said the council’s 2011 arms embargo on Libya that was supposed to prohibit the export of all arms and related materials “remains totally ineffective,” while terrorist groups continue to carry out violent acts that have a “disruptive effect on the stability and security of the country.” It also said authorities in Libya’s east were still managing to illegally import aviation fuel and to export crude oil.

After a 2011 NATO-backed uprising deposed and killed longtime dictator Muammar Gaddafi, Libya’s three main regions were split between rival governments and militias competing for power and oil. The U.N.-backed political process has brought unification, but dangers remain. The U.N. Security Council last week unanimously called on all 20,000 foreign forces and mercenaries from nations such as Russia, Syria, Sudan and Turkey to withraw from Libya “without further delay.”

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